Asthma is a chronic disease caused by inflammation in the respiratory tract. This inflammation makes the respiratory tract become swollen and sensitive. There are many types of asthma that are classified based on the cause. Know the different types of asthma in order to find out the best way to deal with it.
Seven types of asthma that you should know about
1. Allergic asthma
This type of asthma is the one most experienced by people with asthma. Because, allergies and asthma are related to one another.
Allergic Rhintis is the most common chronic allergic disease that causes inflammation of the inner lining of the nose. People who experience this condition have increased sensitivity to allergies. As a result, immune cells (immune) release histamine in response to contact with allergens (allergens).
Well, hisatmin along with other chemicals that cause allergic symptoms. Usually, allergens will enter the body through the process of breathing.
Those who experience allergic rhinitis will experience some symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing without stopping, swollen nasal passages, watery eyes, and itchy throat. Some of the most common triggers for allergic asthma are mold, dust, mites, and animal dander.
Prescription drugs are the best solution for controlling allergies so that cough and other asthma symptoms subside immediately.
2. Sports asthma
This is a type of asthma that can arise because you are doing sports or physical activity. Most people with asthma experience asthma symptoms when they do sports activities. However, there are also some people who don't have asthma, including Olympic athletes, who actually develop asthma symptoms only when they exercise.
This type of asthma will make the respiratory tract narrow at its peak in the range of 5 to 20 minutes after exercise, making it difficult for someone to breathe.
Symptoms usually begin with coughing and wheezing (breathing that sounds like a soft whistle). The use of asthma inhalers before starting exercise can be one way to prevent asthma attacks when exercising.
It is important to know that exercise does not cause asthma. But, exercise can be one of the triggers of asthma symptoms in certain patients.
3. Asthma coughing
In addition to allergic asthma, cough asthma is also a type of asthma that many people experience. In this type, severe and severe coughing is the most dominant symptom that often occurs.
Not only that, some of the causes of this cough can be caused by postnasal drip, chronic rhinitis, sinusitis (inflammation of the sinuses), or due to acid reflux disease (GERD or heartburn ).
Cough asthma is underdiagnosed and difficult to treat. Triggers for cough asthma are usually respiratory infections and exercise. If you experience a prolonged cough, immediately check with a doctor in a specialist in lung disease. Treatment is usually done is a test of lung function to see the performance of your lungs.
4. Asthma due to certain occupations
This type of asthma is asthma that is caused by a trigger at work. If you experience this condition, you may have difficulty breathing and develop asthma symptoms while you are working.
Many people who have occupational asthma experience colds, nasal congestion, eye irritation, runny eyes, and coughing wheezing.
The people most vulnerable to work asthma are construction workers, animal farmers, nurses, carpenters, farmers, and other workers who experience daily exposure to air pollution, chemicals, engine smoke, and cigarettes that can cause asthma symptoms.
5. Nighttime asthma (nocturnal)
Nighttime asthma, or commonly referred to as nocturnal asthma, is a type of disease that occurs only at night or during sleep. The reason, this type of asthma is strongly influenced by human biological clock (circandian rhythm).
Research shows that most deaths related to asthma occur at night. This condition occurs due to increased exposure to allergens (triggers of asthma), air temperature, lying down sleeping position, or even the production of certain hormones that follow the body's biological clock.
In addition, symptoms of sinusitis and asthma often occur at night, especially when postnasal drops trigger symptoms such as coughing.
Always providing bedside asthma medication is the key to overcoming nighttime asthma and getting quality sleep.
6. Asthma medicine
Most people have never thought that over-the-counter medications can worsen asthma symptoms. Aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can worsen asthma symptoms and can even be fatal.
If you are one of those people who are sensitive to these drugs, avoid ibuprofen, naproxen, and diclofenac because they can trigger asthma attacks. Especially for those of you who already have a history of asthma.
Always consult with your doctor about the use of these drugs before you consume them.
7. Other conditions that can trigger asthma
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Reviewed: June 20, 2019 | Last Edited: June 20, 2019
All Asthma Types Are Not the Same - https://www.verywell.com/asthma-types-p2-200539. Accessed September 29, 2017
Types of Asthma - http://www.webmd.com/asthma/guide/types-asthma. Accessed September 29, 2017