What is dyshidrotic eczema?
Dyshidrotic eczema, or dyshidrosis, is a skin condition where it occurs on the soles of the feet and / or palms. Blisters usually feel itchy and may have fluid in them. Blisters usually last around 3 weeks and can be affected by seasonal allergies or stress.
What causes dyshidrotic eczema?
The cause of dyshidrotic eczema is unknown. According to experts, this condition is associated with seasonal allergies because blisters appear more often in spring.
Who is at risk of having dyshidrotic eczema?
Dyshidrotic eczema occurs 2 times more often in women than in men. According to doctors, you have a greater chance if you experience stress or have allergies. Some doctors have concluded that dyshidrotic eczema is a type of allergic reaction.
You are more likely to experience dyshidrotic eczema if your hands or feet are often in damp or wet conditions, or if you are often exposed to metal salts, such as cobalt, chromium and nickel.
What are the symptoms of dyshidrotic eczema?
If you have dyshidrotic eczema, you will notice blisters on your fingers, toes, hands and feet. Blisters are more common on the edges or in folds, and usually contain fluid. Sometimes large blisters will form and feel painful. Usually blisters will feel itchy and cause skin to peel. Some patients report the infected area becomes chapped and painful to the touch.
Blisters can settle for up to 3 weeks before drying. When blisters dry out, the skin will become chapped that hurts. If you scratch the area, you will also feel the skin feel thicker and more resilient.
How do you diagnose dyshidrotic eczema?
In general, your doctor can diagnose dyshidrotic eczema by examining your skin thoroughly. Because the symptoms are similar to other skin conditions, the doctor can do several tests, such as a skin biopsy, where a small part of the skin will be taken for a test. Biopsy can eliminate other possible causes, such as fungal infections.
If the doctor suspects that dyshidrotic eczema is caused by an allergy, a skin allergy test can also be done.
How to treat dyshidrotic eczema?
If you experience mild dyshidrotic eczema, your doctor may prescribe antihistamines, such as Claritin or Benadryl, to relieve symptoms. Compress can also relieve itching on the skin.
In addition, doctors can also recommend the use of the following 2 times a day to relieve itching:
- Petroleum jelly, like Vaseline
- Creams, such as Lubriderm or Eucerin
- Mineral oil
- Steroid or corticosteroid ointment
If you have severe dyshidrotic eczema, your doctor may recommend other treatment options, such as:
- Ultraviolet light therapy
- Steroid pills
- Coal tar preparation such as Denorex and T / Gel
- Immune-suppressing ointments, such as Protopic and Elidel (rarely used)
Avoid things that make your pain and itch worse, like scratching or breaking your blisters. Hand washing is important to do regularly, but you must avoid excessive contact with water. Also avoid using products that irritate the skin, such as lotion with fragrances, and dishwashing.
After recovering, can dyshidrotic eczema occur again?
Dyshidrotic eczema will usually disappear within a few weeks without complications. If you don't scratch the infected area, dyshidrotic eczema will not leave a mark.
If you scratch eczema, you will feel discomfort or eczema that lasts longer. You can also get a bacterial infection from scratching or breaking blisters.
Although dyshidrotic eczema will completely recover, eczema can recur. Due to unknown causes, doctors are still in the process of finding ways to prevent and cure the condition.
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Reviewed date: January 20, 2017 | Last Edited: January 20, 2017
Dyshidrosis. Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dyshidrosis/DS00804. Accessed August 23, 2015
Dyshidrotic Eczema. MedlinePlus. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000832.htm. Accessed August 23, 2015