Home Health information Understand 7 Types of Basic Emotions that Turns to Have Each Function
Understand 7 Types of Basic Emotions that Turns to Have Each Function

Understand 7 Types of Basic Emotions that Turns to Have Each Function


Emotions play an important role when you think and behave. The emotions that are felt all the time affect you to make decisions and act, help you to survive, avoid danger, and understand yourself and others. Now, to truly understand emotions, the types of emotions, and their functions for your life, consider the following review.

Different types of basic emotions have their own benefits

Everyone has different levels and management of emotions, but actually there are some basic emotions that are actually owned. This basic type of emotion affects a person in behavior.

1. Happiness

Of all types of emotions, happiness is the emotion most desired and sought after by all people. These emotions are interpreted as pleasant emotional states, such as feelings of satisfaction, joy, and prosperity. Happiness can be expressed in many ways, such as through:

  • Smiling face
  • Fun cheerful tones
  • Body language that looks relaxed or vibrant

Happy feelings lead someone to be grateful and understand themselves and others better. Happiness is one example of positive emotions that play an important role in physical and mental health. One of them is to extend life.

Conversely, if you don't feel happy, such as anxiety, stress, depression, and loneliness can be bad for your health and reduce your quality of life.

2. Sadness

In contrast to happiness, many people do not want sadness. These emotions are characterized by feelings of disappointment, hopelessness, disinterest, and bad moods. Like other emotions, sadness can come at any time and be experienced by everyone from time to time.

In some cases, people who feel prolonged and severe sadness can turn into depression. Sadness can be expressed in several ways including:

  • Moody mood
  • Shut up
  • Listless and not excited
  • Withdraw from others
  • Cry

The level of sadness felt by each person is different, depending on the cause and how the person overcomes their sadness.

However, feeling sadness isn't entirely bad. These emotions can lead you to understand and know how to get up, self-medicate, and contemplate not to be sad or disappointed again in the future.

3. Fear

Fear is a powerful emotion that plays an important role for you to survive. When you feel this emotion, muscles become tense, your heart beats faster, and your mind becomes more alert.

For example, when in a state of danger, fear will arise and cause a response to defend themselves, such as running away or asking for help from others. Therefore, everyone is equipped with this type of emotion so they can respond when in danger.

Fear can include various expressions, such as:

  • Frightened facial expression; widened the eyes and bowed his head
  • Trying to hide, avoid, or dare to face threats
  • The body sweats, the heartbeat and breathing become fast

Fear usually arises when threats occur directly. This emotion will foster and foster a sense of courage, so that it will make you more resilient when experiencing the same conditions.

4. Disgust

Disgust is marked by dislike, whether it is seeing, smelling, feeling, or hearing something so it tries hard to avoid it. Even though it sounds bad, this emotion can build self-attitude to maintain cleanliness so that the body avoids transmission of disease.

Disgust is usually shown in several ways, such as:

  • Look away from objects that are considered disgusting
  • Physical reactions such as nausea and want to vomit
  • Facial expressions that pucker up, squint, and bend your lips up

5. Get angry

Just like fear, feelings of anger are also needed to protect yourself and respond to threats. These emotions are characterized by frustration, feeling out of touch with others. Anger is often shown by various expressions, such as:

  • Rude or screaming tone of voice
  • Sweating and blushing
  • Be aggressive behavior, such as hitting, kicking, or throwing objects

Although often considered a negative emotion, anger can actually motivate you to take action and find solutions to things that bother you.

Anger that is considered bad is anger that is out of control, excessive, expressed in a way that is harmful to yourself or others. Anger makes it difficult for someone to make rational decisions and can not even have a negative impact on health.

6. Shock or surprise

Surprise or surprise can be categorized as positive emotions, negative emotions, and also neutral. This condition usually occurs very briefly due to something unexpected. Without you knowing it, this emotion turns out to be important for one's behavior. Why?

Because surprise or surprise can motivate someone to be more calm and learn to control themselves and emotions. Some ways to express surprise or surprise include:

  • Physical response jumps or steps back
  • Make a scream, scream, or pant
  • Other responses, fight or run
  • Facial expressions raise eyebrows, widen eyes, or open mouth

7. Other emotions

Previous emotions are more common to you than some of these emotions, such as feeling comforted, embarrassed, feeling proud, feeling guilty, or feeling insulted.

Also Read:

  • In addition to feeling happy, explore these 8 positive emotions in yourself
  • 6 Ways to Overcome Overeating When Emotions are Overflowing
  • 5 Effective Tips to Suppress Emotions and Anger When Fasting

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Reviewed Date: August 8, 2018 | Last Edited: August 8, 2018


An Overview of the Types of Emotion. https://www.verywellmind.com/an-overview-of-the-types-of-emotions-4163976. Accessed August 6, 2018.

The Purpose of Emotion. https://www.verywellmind.com/the-purpose-of-emotions-2795181. Accessed August 6, 2018.