Disturbances in your sense of smell, namely the nose, will certainly interfere with the ability to detect odors around you. Typically, this condition occurs due to a problem with the olfactory nerve whose job is to control the fragrance that is inhaled by your nose. Well, if your olfactory nerves are disturbed, there are 4 types of disorders that can interfere with your sense of smell.
Pay attention to these four types of disorders so you know how to deal with the conditions that you are experiencing right now.
The most common type of olfactory disorder
Decreased ability to detect odors (Hyposmia)
Hyposmia is an olfactory disorder that causes a decrease in your nose's ability to detect odors. This turned out to be caused by several factors, including:
- Head injury
- Respiratory tract infections
- Sinus polyps
- Deviated nasal septum
- Chronic sinusitis
- Use of drugs, such as ampicillin, loratadine, or amitriptyline.
In addition to the factors above, it turns out habits in your lifestyle can also be a trigger for hyposmia to occur, you know. For example, smoking and the use of illegal drugs can also reduce your ability to detect odors.
If you experience olfactory disorders, such as hyposmia, you must also be vigilant. Who knows, this disease is a sign that you suffer from obesity, parkinsonism, or high blood pressure. Generally, Parkinson's sufferers experience symptoms in the form of decreased nasal function to smell something.
Therefore, if you feel your sense of smell is not as sharp as usual, consult a doctor.
Misidentification of smell (Parosmia)
Not only is the ability of the sense of smell to decrease, it turns out to recognize the smell is also a sign that there is a problem with your smell. This condition is known as parosmia.
Parosmia is a condition when someone can detect odors, but misidentifies them. For example, fragrances that actually do not smell enough are interpreted as an unpleasant odor. The response of parosmia sufferers usually illustrates that some of the odors they breathe are not pleasant.
This olfactory disorder is usually caused by several things, such as:
- Damage to the olfactory sensory neurons
- Head injury
- Exposed to poison
- Disorders of the nervous system and sinuses.
Smell a non-existent odor (Phantosmia)
As the name implies, phantosmia means hallucinations of odors that aren't really there. For example, you suddenly smell the smell of garlic when in reality there is no such fragrance.
The cause of this olfactory disorder is almost the same as parosmia. Starting from injury to the head, flu, damage to the nervous system, to the sinuses. However, the two are very different. Parosmia incorrectly recognizes odors, while Phantosmia smells odors that do not exist.
Loss of ability to detect odors (anosmia)
Now, if the three disorders above can still smell something, another with anosmia.
In anosmia, sufferers can not detect any odor at all. Usually, this is caused by an injury to the brain, the condition of the nose, or indeed being born like that.
Now, if you lose your sense of smell when you have a cold or a cold, it usually only lasts a while. However, it would be nice if you consult a doctor to prevent various complications of anosmia that can arise.
How to treat interference with the sense of smell?
Actually, there is no treatment that is really specific to dealing with this disorder. Sometimes, interference with the sense of smell only occurs temporarily and will heal over time.
As reported by Verywell Health, the researchers saw that the use of vitamin A and iron in sufficient doses, did help. However, this cannot be said to be a powerful medicine to treat problems with your nose.
If this condition is really bothering you, you can ask your doctor what treatment can be done. For example, surgical removal of polyps or nasal septum. Or use steroids and antihistamines.
Well, if you have a problem with your nose, try to consult a nutritionist. It aims to keep you getting adequate nutrition in accordance with your condition.
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Reviewed: June 17, 2019 | Last Edited: June 17, 2019
Overview and causes of olfactory disorders https://www.verywellhealth.com/disorders-of-olfaction-2488765 accessed June 10, 2019.
Hyposmia: what do you need to know https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/318461.php accessed June 10, 2019.
Parosmia and Phantosmia http://www.fifthsense.org.uk/parosmia-and-phantosmia/ accessed June 10, 2019.
Lost or changed sense of smell https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/lost-or-changed-sense-smell/ accessed June 10, 2019.